Middle Ages Timeline Assignment

Facts and information about key people and events such as Joan of Arc, John of Gaunt, Geoffrey Chaucer, Johann Gutenberg, Martin Luther, Saladin, Peter the Hermit, Marco Polo, Robert the Bruce and William Wallace - Braveheart are found in entries in the Middle Ages Timeline of the Medieval period.

The Middle Ages timeline covers the period of 1066 to 1485 - nearly five hundred years of the history of England and Europe. The facts and information in the Middle Ages Timeline have therefore been categorised in several Middle Ages Timelines under the following headings:

Timelines of the Middle Ages Kings of England

Timelines of the Middle Ages Kings of England

The following Middle Ages Timeline has been developed to provide an overview of the history and key dates in the Medieval period.

Summary of Events Timeline: Timeline Key Dates: Middle Ages Timeline of Key events

Middle Ages History Timeline of Key Events

1066 -1154:

1066-1087: The reign of King William the Conqueror
The Battle of Hastings and the defeat of Harold Godwinson
The Building of Norman castles in England including the Tower of London in 1073
1086 - Compilation of the Doomsday book

1087-1100: The reign of King William Rufus (son of William)
William invades Wales and builds castles on the borders 

1100-1135: The reign of King Henry I (William Rufus brother)

1135-1154: The reign of King Stephen (nephew of Henry I)
1099: First Crusade. Jerusalem is re-taken from the Muslims on the urging of Pope Urban II
1118: The Knights Templar founded to protect Jerusalem and European pilgrims on their journey to the city
1147: Second Crusade

Middle Ages History Timeline of Key Events

1154 - 1377:

1154-1189: The reign of King Henry II (grandson of Henry I)
1156: Kremlin built in Moscow
1158: The Hanseatic League is founded
1184: The first of many Inquisitions begins
1170: Thomas a Becket is murdered in Canterbury Cathedral

1189-1199: The reign of King Richard I (third son of Henry II)
1190: Third Crusade. Saladin manages to unite the Muslim world and recapture Jerusalem, sparking the Third Crusade

1199-1216: The reign of King John (fifth son of Henry II)
1200: Fourth Crusade embarks. Eventually sacks Constantinople
1212: Children's Crusade
1214 -1215: Barons revolt
1215: Magna Carta is signed

1216-1272: The reign of King Henry III (son of John)
1258: Provisions of Oxford forced upon Henry III of England, establishing a new form of government limited regal authority

1272-1307: The reign of King Edward I (son of Henry III)
1273: Rudolph I of Germany is elected Holy Roman Emperor
1274: Thomas Aquinas' work, Summa Theologiae is published
1295: Marco Polo publishes his tales of China
1297: William Wallace emerges as the leader of the Scottish resistance to England

1307-1327: The reign of King Edward II (son of Edward I)
1307: The Knights Templar are rounded up and murdered by Philip the Fair of France, with the backing of the Pope
1311-1315: The Great Famine

1327-1377: The reign of King Edward III (son of Edward II)
1337: The Hundred Years War begins. England and France struggle for dominance of Western Europe
1346: Battle of Crecy
1347: The Black Death ravages Europe for the first of many times. An estimated 20% - 40% of the population is thought to have perished within the first year
1356: Battle of Poitiers

Middle Ages History Timeline of Key Events

1377 - 1485:

1377-1399: The reign of King Richard II (grandson of Edward III, son of the Black Prince)
1380: Chaucer begins to write The Canterbury Tales
1381: Peasants Revolt in England
1382: The Bible is translated into English by John Wycliffe.

1399-1413: The reign of King Henry IV (grandson of Edward III, son of John of Gaunt)

1413-1422: The reign of King Henry V (son of Henry IV)
1415: Battle of Agincourt

1422-1461: The reign of King Henry VI (son of Henry V)
1429: Joan of Arc lifts the siege of Orleans for the Dauphin of France, enabling him to eventually be crowned at Reims
1430: Capture, trial, and execution of Joan of Arc
1434: The Medici family rises to prominence in Florence
1452: Leonardo da Vinci is born
1453: The Hundred Years War ends. Calais is the only English possession on Continental Europe
1455: Johann Gutenberg prints the first of his Bibles on his new printing press
1455: The Wars of the Roses begins in England

1461-1483: The reign of King Edward IV ( youngest son of Edward III)
William Caxton sets up a printing press in Westminster

1483-1485: The reign of King Richard III (uncle of Edward V)
1485: The Wars of the Roses ends and the Tudor dynasty begins

Summary of Events Timeline: Timeline of Key Dates: Middle Ages Timeline of Key events

Middle Ages Timeline
Each section of this Middle Ages website addresses all topics and provides interesting facts and information about these great historical monuments to bygone times. The Sitemap provides full details of all of the information and facts provided about the fascinating subject of Middle Ages!

Middle Ages Timeline

  • Middle Ages Timelines
  • Early Middle Ages Timeline
  • Late Middle Ages Timeline
  • European Middle Ages Timeline
  • Timeline Of The Church In The Middle Ages
  • Middle Ages Timeline Of England
  • Key dates and events in History
  • History in Medieval England and Europe

Middle Ages for Kids

Timeline


The Middle Ages, or Medieval Times, in Europe was a long period of history from 500 AD to 1500 AD. That's 1000 years! It covers the time from the fall of the Roman Empire to the rise of the Ottoman Empire.

This was a time of castles and peasants, guilds and monasteries, cathedrals and crusades. Great leaders such as Joan of Arc and Charlemagne were part of the Middle Ages as well as major events such as the Black Plague and the rise of Islam.


Notre Dame by Adrian Pingstone

Middle Ages, Medieval Times, Dark Ages: What's the Difference?

When people use the terms Medieval Times, Middle Ages, and Dark Ages they are generally referring to the same period of time. The Dark Ages is usually referring to the first half of the Middle Ages from 500 to 1000 AD.

After the fall of the Roman Empire, a lot of the Roman culture and knowledge was lost. This included art, technology, engineering, and history. Historians know a lot about Europe during the Roman Empire because the Romans kept excellent records of all that happened. However, the time after the Romans is "dark" to historians because there was no central government recording events. This is why historians call this time the Dark Ages.

Although the term Middle Ages covers the years between 500 and 1500 throughout the world, this timeline is based on events specifically in Europe during that time. Go here to learn about the Islamic Empire during the Middle Ages.


Heidelberg Castle by Goutamkhandelwal

Timeline
  • 476 - The fall of the Roman Empire. Rome had ruled much of Europe. Now much of the land would fall into confusion as local kings and rulers tried to grab power. This is the start of the Dark Ages or the Middle Ages.
  • 481 - Clovis becomes King of the Franks. Clovis united most of the Frankish tribes that were part of Roman Province of Gaul.
  • 570 - Muhammad, prophet of Islam is born.
  • 732 - Battle of Tours. The Franks defeat the Muslims turning back Islam from Europe.
  • 800 - Charlemagne, King of the Franks, is crowned Holy Roman Emperor. Charlemagne united much of Western Europe and is considered the father of both the French and the German Monarchies.
  • 835 - Vikings from the Scandinavian lands (Denmark, Norway, and Sweden) begin to invade northern Europe. They would continue until 1042.
  • 896 - Alfred the Great, King of England, turns back the Viking invaders.
  • 1066 - William of Normandy, a French Duke, conquers England in the Battle of Hastings. He became King of England and changed the country forever.
  • 1096 - Start of the First Crusade. The Crusades were wars between the Holy Roman Empire and the Muslims over the Holy Land. There would be several Crusades over the next 200 years.
  • 1189 - Richard I, Richard the Lionheart, becomes King of England.
  • 1206 - The Mongol Empire is founded by Genghis Khan.
  • 1215 - King John of England signs the Magna Carta. This document gave the people some rights and said the king was not above the law.
  • 1271 - Marco Polo leaves on his famous journey to explore Asia.
  • 1337 - The Hundred Years War begins between England and France for control of the French throne.
  • 1347 - The Black Death begins in Europe. This horrible disease would kill around half of the people in Europe.
  • 1431 - French heroine Joan of Arc is executed by England at the age of 19.
  • 1444 - German inventor Johannes Gutenberg invents the printing press. This will signal the start of the Renaissance.
  • 1453 - The Ottoman Empire captures the city of Constantinople. This signals the end of the Eastern Roman Empire also known as Byzantium.
  • 1482 - Leonardo Da Vinci paints "The Last Supper."
Activities

Take a ten question quiz about this page.
Middle Ages crossword puzzle
Middle Ages word search.

Recommended books and references:

The Middle Ages by Fiona Macdonald. 1993.
Medieval Life: Eyewitness Books by Andrew Langley. 2004.
History of the World: The Early Middle Ages. 1990.
The Middle Ages : an illustrated history by Barbara A. Hanawalt. 1998.

More subjects on the Middle Ages:


Works Cited

History >> Middle Ages for Kids
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