Ancient Egypt Vs Mesopotamia Essay

Essay on Compare and Contrast Egypt and Mesopotamia

901 WordsOct 22nd, 20124 Pages

Egypt developed around the Nile River, while Mesopotamia developed between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. Egypt and Mesopotamia grew into complex civilizations. Politically, both Egypt and Mesopotamia had a government with one main ruler, but Egypt had a centralized government with a pharaoh, while Mesopotamia had a decentralized government with a king. Socially, both civilizations were patriarchal, but Egypt was more lenient towards women while Mesopotamia was stricter. The political and social structures of Egypt and Mesopotamia both similarities and differences. Politically, although both Egypt and Mesopotamia had one main ruler, Egypt was centralized and whereas Mesopotamia was decentralized. Egypt centralized government led…show more content…

However, in Mesopotamia, the males subjugated the women. To stop married women from tempting other men, they were forced to cover their bodies, except for their faces, with veils. Women in Mesopotamia were often arranged into marriages, without a say on the subject. The Mesopotamian women had little impact on their society, while certain Egyptian women were able to gain highly influential positions in their society. One Egyptian woman even became the Queen of Egypt, alongside her son. Due to Egypt being less strict towards the women, Egyptian women were able to have a greater influence on their society. Although both civilizations were patriarchal, they varied on how strict they were towards women. Ancient civilizations surrounding Egypt and Mesopotamia during this time period had similar political and social structures to either of the civilizations. Most societies with a centralized government did not see their rulers as divine as pharaohs. Some civilizations, like the Chinese rulers and their Mandate of Heaven, ruled with a power similar to the Egyptian pharaohs. However, the Chinese empire could also be overthrown if they were a bad ruler. The Greek city-states also constantly fought each to gain power over all of Greece. Socially, ancient civilizations were not as lenient towards their women. Since social inequalities developed starting around the development of agriculture, women of ancient times were

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were recognized to be supplementary towards being ethical, mental, physical, and

spiritual figures. On the other hand, Mesopotamia’s major religion had gods and

goddesses that dealt more with natural phenomenon and the human body; that werethanked and blamed for natural occurrences and disasters that happened inMesopotamia: though when you look at the meanings of the Egyptian andMesopotamian gods and goddesses, they had the same meaning to them as the other society.

Government and society is different for every country, this also applies toMesopotamia and Egypt.

In Mesopotamia, because it was a land of multiple kingdomsand empires, there were many styles of political views, and these different politicalviews caused the want of control and to conquer their neighboring kingdoms. In Egypt,they had the upper Egypt and lower Egypt, but they were joined together during the timeof pharaoh Menes, they had pharaohs, the kings and rulers of the land that were said tobe gods sent to Earth in human form to rule and govern the people of the world.Though Egypt and Mesopotamia had something mutual about their socialunderstanding, they both had a patriarchal society; in which the males were dominantover the women and controlled their households.

The education and languages of Egypt and Mesopotamia is similar in more waysthan they are different 

. For one, both Egypt and Mesopotamia established formalschools in their civilizations to educate the people. The main difference between Egyptand Mesopotamia is their forms of writing and their languages. Mesopotamia haddeveloped the first known writing system called cunieform writing, then a later civilization of Mesopotamia had formed a twenty-two symbolled alphabet produced by

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