Samples (Camosun College)
In text, cite the name of the case (italicized) and the year of the decision.
e.g. (Vriend v. Alberta, 1998)
Reference form for cases:
There are multiple formats for Canadian Cases. Some examples are:
1. Reporters that begin at volume one each year, and are thus organized by year first, then volume number.
e.g. R. v. Morgentaler,  3 S.C.R.463
2. Reporters that are organized by volume only.
e.g. R. v. Moolla (M.) (2008), 310 Sask R. 254 (Sask. C.A.)
3. Neutral Citations
e.g. MacDonald v. Taubner, 2006 ABQB 138
4. Case citation to electronic systems
e.g. Doug Burns Excavation Contracting Ltd. v. Int'l Union of OPerating Eng'rs, Local 721, 1999 CanLii 1081 (N.S.S.C.)
The APA Publication Manual says: "References to legal materials...which include court decisions, statutes and other legislative materials, and various secondary sources, will be more useful to the reader if they provide the information in the conventional format of legal citations."( p. 216, para.1)
APA form for legal citations is based on The Bluebook: A Uniform System of Citation.
The examples in the APA Manual are all US cases.
However, when you go to The Bluebook, you find that the format for Canadian cases is slightly different.
There is are copies of the 19th edition of The Bluebook at the Education, Humanities & Social Sciences, and Law Libraries. Canadian pages are 298-303.
The Bluebook: A Uniform System of Citation. 19th ed., Harvard Law Review Association, 2010
The examples in The Bluebook all have (Can) as the jurisdiction at the end of the case. It is not wrong to add it, but you don't need to - as you are in Canada citing Canadian Cases. (McGill Guide does not add it)
See pages 217 - 219 of
Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association. 6th ed., American Psychological Association, 2010.
The standard book for Canadian citation is the Canadian guide to uniform legal citation, known as the McGill Guide.
The Bluebook refers to this item. Citing according to the McGill Guide would be well within APA standards, as that is the conventional format in Canada.
When citing case studies in APA style you'll want to include the typical citation elements and apply general formatting guidelines. The following are examples of how case studies could be cited in APA style, but be sure to check with your professor about how they'd like you to cite case studies in your work.
Kotter (1990) explains the steps British Airways took to reverse a horrible customer service atmosphere and financial crisis.
… as the case study concluded (Bisell & Tram, 2007).
Groysberg and Connolly (2015) concluded in their case study that….
Example (don't forget to indent the second and subsequent lines):
Author(s). (Year). Title of case study. HBS No. number of case study. City, State abbreviation or Country of publication: Publisher.
Example, one author:
Kotter, J. (1990). Changing the Culture at British Airways. HBS No. 491-009. Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Publishing.
Example, two authors:
Groysberg, B., & Connolly, K. (2015). BlackRock: Diversity as a Driver for Success. HBS No. 415-047. Boston, MA: Harvard Business School Publishing.
For further help please contact the Wolak Learning Center at 603.645.9606 (UC Students) and Online Writing Center at 866.721.1662 (Online/COCE Students) for assistance with in-text citations.
You may also want to check out:
This information is intended to be a guideline, not expert advice. Please be sure to speak to your professor about the appropriate way to cite a Harvard Business Review case study in your class assignments and projects.